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Past Programs: 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005, 2004, 2003, 2002, 2001, 1995-2000

Music Maker Edition: 2007,2006,2005, 2004, 2003

Book of the Month: 2007, 2006, 2005, 2004, 2003

Monday, July 3 - Current Events:
The state of Indian health is a big topic this month and it’s being discussed at several events across the country. Communication is another hot issue and the purpose of a tribal digital village will be explained at a forum in San Diego. Tribes are also interested in how to develop sustainable energy programs and they’ll learn more at a training program on the Hoopa Valley Reservation in California. All these events plus the social calendar heats up with art shows, powwows, and museum exhibits that ask the age-old question: How do you identify as an Indian? Join our conversation in our Current Events program and tell us what’s going on in your Native community!

Tuesday, July 4- Minding Your Fireworks!
Today thousands of fireworks will explode as Americans celebrate the Fourth of July. With high fire alerts across the country many public safety officials ask that people use extra caution when they set off their own displays. Some Native communities are organizing fireworks displays for their communities. How can you make sure those Fourth of July explosions are safe for your family and your community? What safety tips should you know before you put the match to the fireworks? Guests are Jim Winner, Public Relations Spokesperson/ National Council on Fireworks and, Samuel Fayuant (Tohono O'Odham) Head Pyrotechnics Operator/ Village of Pisinemo.

Wednesday, July 5 - The Dangers of Liquid Energy:
There are many energy drinks that line the shelves of grocery and convenience stores. From eight ounces to 20 ounces, cans packed with liquid energy promise to increase performance, concentration, and keep you wide awake! A lot of these drinks have hidden dangers the average consumer might not even think about. Many of them contain ingredients in high amounts and can harm a person. High caffeine content is a major concern. So do these drinks really deliver more energy? How do these drinks really affect your mind, body, and soul? Our guest is Marcia Roper, Registered Dietician/ Indian Health Council of Northern San Diego.

Thursday, July 6 -
Gimmie Five: The Abramoff Report
Native leaders have had time to read, digest and now form their own plan of action regarding the Jack Abramoff lobbying scandal. The Senate Committee on Indian Affairs recently released its report on Abramoff’s dealings with five tribes. Among many discoveries was the financial donation Abramoff insisted on to arrange a meeting with congressional members. Where do these tribes stand now with the report and the continuing saga of Jack Abramoff? How do his negative business dealings affect all of Indian Country? Our guest is Arturo Senclair (Tigua) Governor/ Ysleta del Sur Pueblo.

Friday, July 7- Sipping on Sacred Ground:
Within Native communities there are certain grounds that are held sacred. Many times these sites are used for ceremony and making prayer offerings. Respect for these sites is being challenged with the proposal of certain types of businesses. These sites are also impacted when visitors who don’t understand the meaning of the site come and visit the area. Bear Butte in South Dakota is a sacred site and yet right now a business owner is preparing to open a bar close to the mountain. What are Native people doing to educate non-Natives about these sacred sites? Guests are Alex White Plume (Oglala Lakota) President/ Oglala Sioux Tribe, Barbara Crandell (Cherokee) Chairperson/ Native American Alliance of Ohio, and Gary Silk (Lakota and Dakota) Organizer/ Horse Rides to Bring Awareness to Sacred Sites.

Monday, July 10- Tracing Your Native Ancestry:
Each day tribal enrollment officers receive many calls from people wishing to trace their Native American or Aboriginal ancestry. Some of these people are fortunate and are able to enroll. Other folks don’t have enough information to do a thorough investigation. Each tribe has its own criteria for enrollment eligibility. What information and paperwork do you need to trace your Native ancestry? Guests are Charlene Anderson (Cheyenne River Sioux) Enrollment Specialist/ Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe and Marguerita Griggs (White Mountain Apache) Enrollment Officer/ White Mountain Apache Tribe.

Tuesday, July 11 - Beating The High Price of Gas:
For two years now gas prices have steadily increased. This gas crunch is taking its toll on tribal businesses and services to the people. One tribe has had to cut back on its police patrols because the gas budget is being depleted before the end fiscal year. Other tribes are trying to find ways to make their gas dollars stretch. How are tribes beating the high price of gas? Guests are Ron Harndin (Umatilla) Chief of Police/ Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation and Bill Cyr, General Manager/ Aha Macav Power.

Wednesday, July 12 - The Rise in Staph Infections:
Staphylococcus Aureus, more commonly known as a staph infection, is being reported at a higher rate. It is a tiny bacterium that is frequently found on the skin or in the nose of healthy people. It is easily passed from person to person and in most cases it’s not harmful. Yet, some strands normally found in hospital settings are making their way into the general population. It’s causing a rise in staph infections and making health officials take a second look at normal skin lesions. How are staph infections affecting Native communities? What type of prevention methods are available? Our guest is Dr. James Cheek (Cherokee) Director/ Indian Health Service's National Division of Epidemiology and Disease Prevention.

Thursday, July 13 -
Rez Shock!
Native Peoples must leave their reserves or reservations for various reasons. Sometimes work or school take people away for long periods of time. Those who have been away for years or those who have never visited their traditional homelands may encounter a sort of shock when they return and visit. From no running water to an entirely indigenous menu what may come naturally in a Native culture may come as a shock for these returning Natives. How does time away from your homelands factor into the shock of seeing your Native community? What lengths are people going through to try to re-adapt to their culture and homeland? Guests are Gerald Clarke (Cahuilla) who returned to his Native community and, Margaret Andrews (Inupiaq and Yupik) Cultural Representative/ Alaska Native Heritage Center.

Friday, July 14 - Music Maker: “Raising Cane”
For more than 23 years, Cocoa Creppel has put out fires as a firefighter in Louisiana and now he’s starting fires with his hot swamp rock’n blues music. Cocoa Creppel and his band, the Cannes Brulees, released their CD “Raising Cane” this year. The music was recorded one month before Hurricane Katrina hit. The disaster put the music on hold so the band leader could help with the rescue and relief efforts. Now, the band is ready to share their songs all composed by Cocoa Creppel from the Houma Nation. Cocoa Creppel and the Cannes Brulees is our Music Maker for the hottest month of the year- July!

Monday, July 17 - World Eskimo-Indian Olympics:
45 years ago the first World Eskimo-Indian Olympics took place in Fairbanks, Alaska. This event began as an attempt to pass on traditional games to the next generation so that they would not be forgotten. The Eskimo Olympics has turned into a four day celebration that unites many of Alaska’s Natives. Over the years Native athletes have competed against each other in games of strength, endurance, balance and agility. Have you participated in a distance race using only your knuckles and toes? How have these games changed over the years? What else is gained by competing in these Alaska Native competitions? Guests are Mary Sage (Inupiaq) Board of Governors Member/ World Eskimo Indian Olympics and Carol Pickett (Inupiaq) Treasurer/ World Eskimo Indian Olympics' Board of Governors.

Tuesday, July 18 - AMBER Alert:
In 1996, when a team of local broadcasters and Dallas-Fort Worth police joined forces to find a missing girl, a new method of communication for emergency response was developed. Today many states have adopted this early warning system known as the AMBER Alert. America’s Missing: Broadcast Emergency Response system helps parents recover their child that has been reported missing or abducted. Messages of missing children reports are quickly transmitted through the radio, television, Internet and cell phone. How is your tribal community and law enforcement playing a role in the AMBER Alert? Did the AMBER Alert help in locating your son or daughter? Guests are Regina Schofield, National Amber Alert Coordinator and Assistant Attorney General / Office for Justice Programs at the United States Department of Justice, Lisa Youvella (Hopi) Station Manager/ KUYI Hopi Radio, and Susan Whitehorse (Navajo) Amber Alert Coordinator/ State of Wisconsin.

Wednesday, July 19 - Extreme Weather Sowing Problems for Farmers:
Heavy rains, extreme winds and high temperatures do not only put a crimp in summer vacations. They are causing concerns for Native farmers. Some scientists link climate change to the cause of severe weather that farmers have to endure. Changing rainfall patterns and drought can be devastating to growers. When weather hits farm production and leads to losses it is felt by many, either through availability of products or higher costs to the consumer. How are Native farmers coping with the change in weather conditions? How does extreme weather during the growing season affect the harvest? Guests are Dr. Suzanne Van Cooten (Chickasaw) Research Hydro-Meteorologist/ National Severe Storms Laboratory, and Frank Martin (Cherokee, N.C.) Native Farmer/ owner - Crooked Sky Farms.

Thursday, July 20 - The Etiquette of Tipping:
Hotels, casinos, resorts, restaurants, and hair salons are some of the places where tipping takes place. Patrons who tip are giving money to someone for performing exceptional service, like a bellhop who carries your bag to your room or opens a door. Another example is someone on a wait staff who assists in making your dining experience great with speedy service and is there to accommodate your requests. Does this etiquette of tipping happen in Native communities? How much is too much when it comes to tipping? When is it not acceptable to tip a Native? Guests are Keone Nunes (Native Hawaiian) Traditional Native Hawaiian Tattoo Artist, and Christie Medicine Tail (Crow) Server/ Custer Battlefield Trading Post Cafe.

Friday, July 21 - Native in the Spotlight: JD Colbert
The hard knocks of life inspired J.D. Colbert to venture into the world of high finance. The son of a single mother, he watched her work hard and pay her bills on time. In high school he discovered his knack for business. In college it only took him a few courses to realize that his mother had suffered from discrimination. Even though she had a good credit history she never qualified for a home loan. The young college man vowed to try and change that situation for other Native people. So he founded the North American Native Bankers Association. Just last month he caught the eye of President George Bush. Colbert is now a presidential appointee to the Community Development Advisory Board as the Native American Tribal Development Representative. J.D. Colbert, a Chickasaw and Creek man, is our July Native in the Spotlight.

Monday, July 24 - Native American Congressional Internship Program:
Each summer a handful of Native Americans and Alaska Natives are selected to spend ten weeks in Washington, D.C. to study government. They also get hands-on training on and around Capitol Hill. The opportunity is offered through the Morris K. Udall Foundation. The non-partisan program is designed to help Native students understand the process of government at the federal level so they can better serve their tribal communities once they enter the workforce. It’s an intense internship experience and highly selective. How have graduates of the program used their experience since the program started? Guests include Monica Nuvumsa (Hopi) Program Manager/ Native American Congressional Internship Program, Julian Nava (Santa Domingo Pueblo & Sac & Fox) 2006 Udall Intern and Karole Kohl (Orutsaramuit) 2001 Udall Intern.

Tuesday, July 25 - Brain Injuries:
Native men are twice as likely to suffer from traumatic brain injuries as Native women. Studies also reveal that motor vehicle accidents and accidental falls put Natives at the greatest risk. In addition, these risks are exacerbated by alcohol use and the lack of protective equipment like seatbelts. Native youth who skateboard or roller blade tend to not wear protective headgear. And when Native people suffer from a brain injury, their hospital stay is much longer than non-Native patients. What can you do to help decrease the risk of traumatic brain injury? Guests are Alta Bruce (Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa) President/ Native Peoples Brain Injury Council, Dr. Ron Savage (Mohawk) Vice President/ North American Brain Injury Society, and Beverly Francisco-James (Navajo) Brain injury Survivor.

Wednesday, July 26 - Book of the Month: Husk of Time
It’s been said that life is a journey. For Hopi poet and film maker, Victor Masayesva, life is also a book filled with chapters that cover traditional teachings, modern amenities and layers of images. His book Husk of Time mixes photography with hand paintings and poems and stories to go along with the images. Schooled at Princeton, the Horace Mann School in New York, and the University of Arizona, Masayesva has brought his formal teachings full circle in his book that also features glimpses into Hopi culture. Husk of Time is our July Book of the Month.

Thursday, July 27 - Greasy Debate: (Encore Presentation)
Perhaps you’ve seen one of these slogans on a t-shirt at some gathering of Native people, “FBI - Fry Bread Inspector,” or “Fry Bread Power,” made popular by the movie, “Smoke Signals.” Well it’s true that where Natives gather there’s bound to be fry bread cooking nearby. The tasty but fatty treat is even being promoted to “State Bread” status in South Dakota! The bill is making its way through the state legislature. This extra attention being paid to fry bread also got started by a recent column written by a Native writer who opined that fry bread has replaced firewater in stereotypical portrayals of Native Americans. Thus the debate heats up. Is fry bread a traditional food of Native people? Guests include Suzan Shown Harjo (Cheyenne, Hodulgee Muskogee), Columnist/Indian Country Today and Ellie Zephier (Oglala Sioux), Nutrition Consultant/ Aberdeen Area Indian Health Service.

Friday, July 28 - Recalling the Life of Te Ata:
On December 3, 1895, Mary Thompson was born in Tishomingo, Oklahoma. She was the daughter of the Chickasaw’s tribal treasurer and the niece of the tribal governor. Perhaps it was her family’s involvement in public service that also led this young lady to a life of service—but of a different kind. As a young girl she discovered a love of acting. She put on plays for her family and started using the name Te Ata. She discovered and fell in love with Shakespeare’s works. Te Ata eventually went to college, studied acting and then became a world performer. Her specialty was a one-woman show that featured traditional Chickasaw stories. She was a favorite performer of President Franklin Roosevelt and the first lady. Eleanor Roosevelt named a lake in New York after her. She performed for the King of England and for indigenous peoples from Canada to Peru. Her career flourished in the Termination Era, a time of deep racism against Indian people. In 1987 she became the first Oklahoman to be named an “Oklahoma Treasure.” She died on October 26, 1996, less than two months shy of her 100th birthday. Her life story has been made into a movie, has been told in three books, and has now been made into a musical play. Her legacy lives on in Indian Country. Guests are JudyLee Oliva (Chickasaw) Playwright/ Te Ata, and Gene Thompson (Chickasaw) Te Ata's Nephew.

Monday, July 31 - Addressing a Media Crisis:
In state and national governments there are media relations officers who are prepared to respond to questions by journalists on news events. Yet, most tribal governments don’t have such staff support. Typically the tribal attorney is called in to answer questions. In the case of the fatal shootings on the Red Lake Chippewa reservation in Minnesota, a tribal member was asked to return home to help respond to media requests. Currently the Havasupai Indian community in Arizona is in the midst of a media crisis due to a homicide of a tourist that occurred on their reservation. Tribal officials have refused to speak to the media. What can tribes do when a media crisis arises? How can they benefit by responding to reporter questions? Guests are Michelle Crank (Navajo) Enterprise Marketing Manager/ Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation, Holly Cook Macarro (Red Lake Chippewa) Senior Public Affairs Advisor/ Holland & Knight Law Firm, and Jacqueline Johnson (Tlingit) Executive Director/ National Congress of American Indians.

Tuesday, August 1 - Dealing with Extreme Heat:
What are Tribal governments doing to protect their people as the current heat wave blasts across the continent? One look at the weather map over the last few weeks shows Indian Country is in danger. Older adults tend to not be able to “feel the heat” and are more susceptible to heat stroke and even death. Children are at high risk if they are left inside a hot car. Are tribal health workers checking on their own citizens? What help are they providing to families? Join us as we take a look at what’s being done and what needs to be done to protect the people. Our guest is Dr. Jason Hill, Chief of Staff/ Choctaw Nation Health Center.

Wednesday, August 2 - Are You a Pack Rat?
Are you the type of person who saves just about everything? Does your collection go back decades? You might be a human pack rat. Keeping everything and finding it hard to throw things away are common characteristics of being a pack rat. Collecting items is a healthy human behavior that demonstrates admiration and passion for items. It turns into a problem when the collecting gets out of hand and overtakes your life. Clutter can cause stress to the people who have to live with or around a pack rat. In some extreme cases people have been put at a health risk due to all the clutter. Do you display the habits of a pack rat? What can you do to keep from accumulating too much stuff? Guests are Deborah Cocker, Pack Rat and Owner/ Wetsuit Systems, Anna Stevens Pratt (Yupik) Soild Waste Back Hall Coordinator/ Yukon River Inter-Tribal Water Shed Council, Karen Kent, Clinical Supervisor/ King County's Geriatric Regional Assessment Team, and Elizabeth Hagen, Professional Organizer.

Thursday, August 3 - Cobell vs. Kempthorne: The Next Chapter
Is the decade-old class action lawsuit filed by Eloise Cobell one step closer to a final settlement? Several parties including Cobell, Senators John McCain and Byron Dorgan as well as Department of Interior officials, may be a step closer to a settlement. The final dollar amount would be divided among the 500,000 beneficiaries of the Individual Indian Trust fund lawsuit. The government has admitted to losing and mismanaging these individual trust accounts since they were established in 1887. The most recent figure for a settlement is $8 billion. That sum has also been as high as $100 billion! Will the new Interior Secretary Dirk Kempthorne be able to reach an agreement? Guests include Eloise Cobell (Blackfeet) Lead Plaintiff/ Cobell vs. Kempthorne.

Friday, August 4 - Summer Sports Wrap Up:
The summer months are wrapping up and that means reservation leagues are holding tournaments. From softball to basketball and in some places even skate boarding, summer athletes are playing their final games. This summer two big sporting events took place: the World Eskimo-Indian Olympics and the North American Indigenous Games. Many Natives can look back at this summer and remember the competitions they participated in or watched. What games or plays will you remember from the summer of ‘06? What athletes will you remember from this summer? And what are the favorite summer sports in your Native community? Guests are Leslie St. Clair (Shoshone-Bannock) Co-President/ Ft. Hall Ladies Golf Association, and Yolando Bowman (Navajo) Organizer/ Window Rock Area Baseball League.

Monday, August 7 - Current Events:
The largest gathering of American Indian government employees will take place this month in Alaska, while in Oklahoma City the focus will be on preventing diabetes in Indian Country. There are also deadlines for film festivals and an introspective art exhibit looking at what makes art Indian. What’s going on in your part of Indian Country? Join our conversation on current events in August.

Tuesday, August 8 - Homeland Security: What’s The Evacuation Plan?
In this time of heightened terrorist warnings, tribes and surrounding communities are considering ways to keep their homelands secure. A major focus has been placed on both the Mexican and Canadian borders with the U.S. One aspect of fine tuning a plan that can best prepare a community is an emergency evacuation plan. According to domestic preparedness officials, tribes that are close to potential terrorist targets should have an evacuation plan in place. What tribes are in such positions? What plans do they have, or what plans are they currently working on, in case of a terrorist attack? Guests are Dan Martinez (Warm Springs) Fire & Safety Chief/ Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs, and Joe Baca (Santa Clara Pueblo) Native American Planner/ New Mexico Department of Health, and Robert Holden (Choctaw and Chickasaw) Director of the Nuclear Waste Program/ National Congress of the American Indians.

Wednesday, August 9 - Tribal Blogs:
In this age of the internet, tribal councils are having to learn and deal with new technology, especially when it comes to blogs. Anyone can start a blog. In some cases information is posted that’s useful to the tribal communities. However, some blogs have served to only fuel speculation and mistrust of tribal leaders. The problem has prompted one tribe to restrict access to a blog from workplace computers. How can you sort fact from fiction in a blog? Does your tribe have a blog about its business? Guests are Bill Killian (Eastern Cherokee) host of the site, and Valerie Fast Horse (Coeur D'Alene) I-T director for the Coeur D'Alene Tribe.

Thursday, August 10 - The Impact of Terrorist Alerts in Indian Country
As news breaks of an alleged terrorist plot in England to target airplanes heading for the United States, passengers everywhere are impacted. Strict regulations that prohibite all liquids on planes are in effect. Passengers are being told they can't bring items like liquid makeup and even chapstick on board. Hundreds of Native people are heading to conferences and meetings today. How is Indian Country being impacted by the heightened terrorist warnings? Our guest is Pat Ragsdale (Oklahoma Cherokee) Director/ Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Friday, August 11 - Getting into the Business of Journalism:
This week the Native American Journalists Association is holding its 22nd Annual Convention in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Besides offering workshops on how Native people can get into the field of journalism, they are also looking at the growing ethnic media market. What do these papers and broadcast outlets that are not part of the commercial mainstream journalism business offer communities of color? What do Native people need to know about starting their own paper, radio program or television program? Guests are Liz Gray (Cherokee and Shawnee) Co-Publisher/ Native American Times, Loren Tapahe (Navajo) Publisher/ Arizona Native Scene, and Mike Kellogg (Navajo) President/ Native American Journalists Association.

Monday, August 14 - Trust Reform:
The Office of Special Trust is still looking to Indian leaders to help them reform the entire process. They’ve held several meetings across the country seeking input from tribal representatives. Now Special Trustee Ross Swimmer is overseeing meetings with tribal leaders to look specifically at reforming the probate process. It’s just one aspect of the total picture when it comes to trust reform. What will it take to straighten out the management of Indian Trusts? What sort of deadline does the OST have to come up with a working plan? Guests are Ross Swimmer (Cherokee Nation in Oklahoma) Special Trustee/ Office of Special Trust, Chief Jim Gray (Osage) Chairman of the Board of Directors/ Intertribal Monitoring Association on Indian Trust Funds, and Majel Russell (Crow) Attorney / Elk River Law Firm.

Tuesday, August 15 - Repairing the Pipeline:
Crude oil prices soared quickly at the news of massive corrosion in the BP Prudhoe Bay pipeline. The company says it will now have to shut down the oil operation and replace most of the pipeline. That’s expected to cost an estimated $170 Billion. This shutdown will have a major effect on American consumers and especially Alaska Natives. The Prudhoe Bay site is the nation’s largest oil field. What are the residual costs or hidden costs to Alaska’s Native Peoples? Guests are Dr. Dorothy Pender (Inupiaq) Pipeline Engineering Supervisor/ Alyeska Pipeline, and Nels Anderson (Yupiq) member of the Alaska Rural Energy Action Council.

Wednesday, August 16 - Courtesy Pays:
You’ve heard the sayings, “courtesy pays” and “mind your manners.” Are those old sayings just sayings today? Or, are people really still practicing being courteous on a daily basis? How can we teach courtesy to children? Do you know adults who could use a refresher course? What are the traditional forms of showing courtesy? In a world of instant response, are we loosing our manners? Guests are Christina Castro (Jemez and Taos Pueblo) Teacher/ Native American Community Academy, Brooke Grant (Hoopa) Miss National Congress of the American Indians, and Tracy Canard-Goodluck (Oneida and Cree) Teacher/ Native American Community Academy.

Thursday, August 17 - What Makes Indigenous Art, Indigenous?
What is Indigenous Art? It’s an age-old question that centers around how an artist self-identifies and a concern about being pigeonholed. Several artists have attempted to address this question through an exhibit called, “Relations indigenous dialogue.” How can art do more than please the buyer? Do Native artists have an extra responsibility to save culture and challenge leadership? As the Southwestern Association for Indian Arts prepares to kick off its annual Santa Fe Indian Market we take a look at the dialogue going on between some prominent Native artists and the resulting exhibit, “Relations Indigenous Dialogue.” Guests are Bob Haozous (Warm Springs Chiricahua Apache) Sculptor, and Joseph Sanchez (Taos Pueblo) Exhibits Curator/ Institute of American Arts Museum.

Friday, August 18 - Native in the Spotlight: Linda Lomahaftewa
When the Institute of American Indian Arts opened its doors in 1962 Linda Lomahaftewa was one of its first students. Her creativity was groomed and upon graduation she went on to seek more education in the area of Fine Arts. She accomplished that mission when she graduated from the San Francisco Art Institute with both her Bachelors in Fine Arts and her Masters in Fine Arts degrees. After a few teaching positions, she returned to her old high school and began teaching. She has influenced several up and coming Native artists. Her own work is world renowned. She is inspired from both her Hopi and Choctaw cultures. Today her work is in public collections from Arizona to Washington, D.C. and Alberta, Canada. As this year’s Santa Fe Indian Market kicks off we salute one artist who has been a part of Indian Market for more than 25 years. Linda Lomahaftewa is our August “Native in the Spotlight.”

Monday, August 21 - Immunizations for School:
Before students return to school there are several things to do in order to be prepared. One requirement is making sure their immunization record is current. In most states children who attend day care must be vaccinated against measles, mumps and tetanus, to name a few illnesses. Students entering high school or college must make sure their booster shots are current. Why are immunizations so important? How can you keep good records on your children’s vaccinations? Our guest is Edie Hoff (Blackfeet) Public Health & Diabetes Nurse/ Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribal Clinic.

Tuesday, August 22 - The Maori Monarchy:
As hundreds of Maori people mourn the passing of Queen Te Arikiui Dame Te Atatirangikaahu her legacy is being remembered. She reigned for 40 years, inspiring not just Maori people but all New Zealanders. Her efforts on behalf of all Maori women were lauded as well. The mayor of her tribe revered her as a woman of integrity, insight and humility. How is her passing impacting Maori people around the world? Who will carry on her title and her work? Guests are Reweti Wiki (Maori) Deputy Executive Director/ Yurok Tribe, Tania Wolfgramm (Maori) is a cultural psychologist, and Pania Papa (Maori) who is the leader of the Maori performing arts group, Rangimarie.

Wednesday, August 23 - Exercise for Elders:
More and more tribes are recognizing the importance of having fitness centers for their people. In the fight against diabetes and other illnesses, Native people are starting to embrace the message of exercising more often. What types of exercises are better suited for Native elders? How do you select exercises based on your age and your physical abilities? Instead of high paced aerobics, what other forms of exercise are best for elders? Guests are Dr. Ann Bullock (Minnesota Chippewa) Medical Director/ Health and Medical Division of the Eastern Band of the Cherokee Indians, and Angie Waege (Ho Chunk) participant in the Lifestyle Balance Program.

Thursday, August 24 - Corn Husk Art:
Not wasting the gifts of nature is a common trait among Native Peoples. And so it’s easy to see how Native cultures who grow corn have also found other uses for cornhusks. Some cultures use cornhusks in their cooking; others use it in their art. Dolls have been fashioned from cornhusks and decorated with pine needles and other items found in nature. How is the art of cornhusk doll making being practiced today? Guests include Judy Jourdan/ (Oneida) Instructor & Artisan/ Oneida Nation in Wisconsin and Laura Morrison (Muscogee Creek) Arts & Education Department Manager/Chickasaw Nation

Friday, August 25 - Music Maker: Heavenly
Evan Lee grew up in a Christian home. And for the past six years he has traveled to communities everywhere singing and playing in his family’s ministry group. He was born on the Ft. Peck Indian reservation in Montana and is Crow Indian. His third CD “Heavenly” reflects his Christian beliefs. Evan is in his twenties and his music speaks straight to Native youth. He confronts issues head on telling the youth those challenges can either tear you apart or make you great. He sees the challenges as opportunities to overcome and make reservation life better. Evan Lee’s CD “Heavenly” is our Music Maker for the month of August.

Monday, August 28 -
Hurricane Katrina: Rebuilding One Year Later

One year ago the residents of the Gulf Coast region witnessed one of the most devastating storms in American history. Many lives and homes were lost when Hurricane Katrina hit the region. One year later many Native tribes in the area are still rebuilding. The devastating storm brought many issues facing Native Peoples to light, including how federal recognition or state recognition affected aid to the tribes. How have tribes recovered from the damage of the hurricane? Guests are Charles Verdin (Chairman) Pointe au Chien Tribe, and Brenda Dardar Robichaux (Houma) Principal Chief/ United Houma Nation.

Tuesday, August 29 - The Buzz on Soda Pop:

The health risks from drinking soda pop are on the minds of school and health officials. Even diet sodas don’t seem to get a passing grade. Recent statistics show passing up one soda per day can equal the loss of 15 lbs in a year. The health issues surrounding soda prompted former president Bill Clinton to strike a deal with the major soda companies to remove their products from public schools starting in 2007. Will this deal also include tribal schools? How do young people feel about the removal of soda from their schools? Guests are Alex Jamone (Zuni & Navajo) 10th Grader/ Twin Buttes High School, and Gaye Leia King (Muscogee Creek) Special Assistant/ Office of Indian Education Programs, Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Wednesday, August 30 - Book of the Month: Bernie Whitebear: An Urban Indian’s Quest for Justice

The former governor of Washington once compared Bernie Whitebear to Gandhi. He was a Sin Aikst Indian and had a passion to help Native Peoples. Whitebear was part of the U.S. government’s relocation program in the 1950’s. He settled in Seattle, Washington and soon noticed the many issues facing displaced Natives. He mobilized the urban Indian community in Seattle and lobbied on behalf of all Indians and people of color. Whitebear led successful protests and won Native fishing rights in Puget Sound. He was called “soft-spoken but outspoken.” Bernie died in 2000 but his legacy lives on to inspire other Natives. His brother, Lawney Reyes, has written a book about Bernie’s life: Bernie Whitebear: An Urban Indian’s Quest for Justice. It’s our August Book of the Month.

Thursday, August 31 - Teaching Tribal History:

Some tribes say there are benefits to teaching their tribal history to all of their employees. The Cherokee Nation in Oklahoma requires every single new employee to take a one-week Cherokee history course. Now eight other tribes are requiring “cultural competency” courses for their healthcare employees. Do you think such courses are helpful and necessary? How do the employees benefit from such classes? Guests are Dr. Julia Coates (Oklahoma Cherokee) Instructor/ Cherokee Nation History and Pam Iron (Cherokee & Laguna Pueblo) Executive Director/ National Indian Women’s Health Resource Center.

Friday, September 1 - Urban Natives – Urban Gangs:

Urban gangs recruit members every day. Today there is no race untouched by gang culture in urban settings. Native youth are among the many who get involved with gangs each year. Those who live in urban areas are prime targets for recruitment. While some tribes may have active anti-gang programs on their tribal lands, how do they deal with tribal members who live in urban areas and get involved with gangs? How do these urban gangs impact tribal members living on tribal lands? Guests are Walter Ahhaitty (Kiowa, Comanche, and Cherokee) Director/ Social Services and Childcare for the Kiowa Tribe and Ervin Chartrand (Metis) Aboriginal filmmaker and Chris Gantry, Owner/ CMG Consulting.

Monday, September 4 - Traditional R & R:
Labor Day is an official federal holiday for American workers. It’s supposed to be a day to pay tribute to workers and their contributions to help strengthen this country. The first Labor Day holiday was celebrated on September 5, 1882 in New York City. According to the traditions of some American Indian tribes and Alaska Native villages, there were designated times of rest for the workers. In the Makah language the word for the month of August translates to “nothing expected.” It references the time off for the people before the whaling season starts. Does your tribe have an official time of rest or a way to honor the hard workers of your community? Guests are Conroy Chino (Acoma Pueblo) Secretary of Labor/ State of New Mexico, and Marlin Thompson (Yerington Paiute) Cultural Contact Person/ Yerington Paiute Tribe.

Tuesday, September 5 - Native Trade with Cuba:
Since 1962 the United States has had an embargo against the country of Cuba. Yet that embargo doesn’t mean there’s a complete blockade. There are some business opportunities available and now the Navajo Nation is taking advantage of those opportunities. They are the first tribe to sign an agreement with Cuba to trade goods. Through the tribe’s Agricultural Products Industry, beans, corn and wheat are among the crops that will be sold to Cuba. Could this be an opportunity for all tribes who have agriculture? Does your tribe engage in foreign commerce? Guests are Tsosie Lewis (Navajo) General Manager/ Navajo Agricultural Products and Tom Udall, U.S. Representative/ New Mexico's Third Congressional District.

Wednesday, September 6 - Healthy Eyes:
The two muscles that help most of us put the world into focus are our eyes. They are one of the most delicate parts of our bodies. Regular checkups help a person to keep on top of problems that may hinder their eyesight. Today there are many diseases that can affect a person’s sight. Some common diseases include Glaucoma and Corneal Dystrophies that, left untreated, may cause a person to lose their sight. So, what is the best routine to ensure your eyes are as healthy as they can be? What should you know about caring for your eyes as you get older? Guests are Samuel Henderson (Cherokee) Program Director/ Vision Care Technology at the Southwestern Polytechnic Institute, and Dr. James Cox, Chief Clinical Consultant for Opthamology/ Indian Health Service.

Thursday, September 7 - Native Aviators:
As in most careers, there is a lack of pilots who are Native American, Alaska Native or Aboriginal. Yet the need for pilots in Indian Country is great. Air travel is the only way to get to parts of Alaska, so a program there is helping to train Alaska Natives to be pilots. In other parts of the country Native leaders are seeing the need to invest in aircraft to get them to important meetings quickly. What are some other benefits to having more Native pilots? What do you need to know before you consider taking flying lessons? Guests are Will Johnson, Director of Operations/ Yuut Yaqungviat Flight School, Andy Winstead (Sioux) Pilot/ Air Force Reserves, and Cheryl Beans (Yupik) Student/ Yuut Yaqungviat Flight School.

Friday, September 8 - Native in the Spotlight: Dr. Kelly Moore
In 1987 Dr. Kelly Moore began her career with the Indian Health Service. She is Muscogee Creek and her job has taken her to many other tribal communities. Her first job was on the Navajo Nation in Arizona. 20 years later she’s still with IHS and her peers have named her “2006 Indian Physician of the Year.” During her career Dr. Moore has helped develop educational and health communications materials for Native youth. She has also done extensive work in the area of diabetes. She is a recognized expert on the Type 2 Diabetes that is so common in Native youth. Dr. Moore has mentored and inspired other Native people to get into the health field, not only as the doctors, but as the policy leaders as well. Dr. Kelly Moore is our September Native in the Spotlight.

Monday, September 11 - 9/11 Five Years Later:
After the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, President George Bush declared a “war on terror!” That declaration has led to the war in Iraq and to heightened security across the United States. Five years later, what has changed and improved when it comes to safety and terrorist threats? Do Native people feel safer? How is the war impacting Indian Country? Guests are Ed Wilson (Cheyenne) Vietnam Veteran/ U.S. Army and Lillian Tobacco (Oglala Sioux) Mother of three Veterans.

Tuesday, September 12 - Current Events:
As summer ends and the months get colder there are still many events taking place in Indian Country. Leaders from tribal casinos will get together and discuss marketing strategies. At another conference in Alaska, health care will be addressed. Across the Pacific Ocean Native Hawaiians will hold the largest gathering of Native Hawaiian agencies to address current and future issues facing Native Hawaiians. In addition, there are many powwows and art events going on in September. Share what’s happening in your community this month on our Current Events program!

Wednesday, September 13 - Working With Challenging Children:
What does it take to work with children who have behavioral problems? Some teachers and parents must face this challenge each day. The environment can play a part in helping or hindering these special needs children. Culture also plays a role in many cases as does the attitude and approach by the adults who work with these children. How can you get the challenging child to stop disrupting the family or class? Guests are Chris Curry, Executive Director/ National Native American Families Together and Shawn Bobb (Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde) Assistant Teacher/ Grand Ronde Head Start Program.

Thursday, September 14 - Understanding and Preventing Suicide:
Often times when a person takes his or her own life the reason remains a mystery, even to those closest to them. With the high rate of suicide within Indian Country, tribal members and organizations spend a lot of time trying to educate and prevent more suicides and suicide attempts. In an effort to save lives some tribes have encouraged the issue of suicide to be explored in plays and documentaries. Other tribes offer programs that highlight positive paths. What is your tribe doing to reach people who are considered high risk? How are Natives in urban areas being served? Guests are Dr. Rose Clark (Navajo) Administrative Clinical Director/ United American Indian Involvement Inc., Happy Frejo (Pawnee and Seminole) Native Performance Artist and Filmmaker, and Margaret Gates (Standing Rock Sioux) Suicide Prevention Coordinator/ Standing Rock Siuox Tribe. The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline number is 1-800-273-TALK or 1-800-273-8255.

Friday, September 15 - What Would Our Native Forefathers Think?
If our Native forefathers like Geronimo, Chief Joseph, Handsome Lake, Crazy Horse or Pope had the ability to visit the world we live in today, what would they think? With the advances in technology, shifts in politics and the intermingling of Native culture with modern ways, we take a look at today’s world through the eyes of these leaders. How could their wisdom help us solve issues facing Native people today? Guests are Herbert Jim (Seminole) Seminole Traditionalist, Liz Simmons (Yankton Sioux) descendant of Gertrude Simmons Bonnin known as "Zitkala-Sa" and Harlan Geronimo (Mescalero Apache) descendant of Geronimo.

Monday, September 18 - Native Mascot Update:
Some Native people and organizations have worked for decades to get rid of sports mascots that depict Native peoples in a negative, demeaning, and inaccurate portrayal. The issue has supporters on both sides: keep the Native mascots or do away with them. Some tribes continue to use Native mascots for tribal schools. Non-Native schools and many professional teams also use Native mascots. As the debate rages on we will get an update on what’s changed when it comes to using Natives as mascots. Our Guest is Charlene Teters (Spokane) Educator and Activist.

Tuesday, September 19 - Water Roulette:

Water not only divides land it can also divide people along the lines of race and politics. The Duckwater Shoshone Tribe of Nevada is speaking up against a proposed water diversion plan aimed at serving the growing population of Las Vegas. The tribe says it will harm rural Nevada. This proposed plan is the largest and most significant movement of water in a century. How will this plan affect the Duckwater Shoshone tribe and neighboring tribes? Will it also have a ripple effect across Indian Country? Our guest is Annette George (Duckwater Shoshone) Tribal Counsel Secretary and Environmental Director/ Duckwater Shoshone Tribe.

Wednesday, September 20 - Ovarian and Prostate Cancer Awareness:

Native people face health disparities in many diseases, one of which is cancer. Native people have higher rates of cancer than other people in the general population. Ovarian and prostate cancers are some of the most common cancers that affect Native America. It’s always the hope that loved ones will not contract cancers like these but when they do, where do they turn for help? What are your options when it comes to the treatment of ovarian and prostate cancer? Guests are Sherry Salway (Oglala Lakota) Executive Director/ Ovarian Cancer National Alliance, Dr. Mira Ravindranathan, Oncologist/ Lovelace Medical Group and Bill Ward (Choctaw) Prostate Cancer survivor.

Thursday, September 21 - Celebrating Seven Years of APTN:

A decade ago there was a dream in Canada by Aboriginal people to
have their own television network featuring news, programs, children’s shows, and cooking shows. That dream came true with the launch of APTN, the Aboriginal Peoples Television Network. APTN signed on the air September 1, 1999. They broadcast their programming throughout Canada, bringing Aboriginal news and entertainment to all of Canada’s citizens. It’s the first national Aboriginal broadcast in the world. How much has APTN grown in the past seven years? What does the future hold for other programs and opportunities for Aboriginal people? Guests are David Mcleod (Ojibway and Metis) Board Member/ Aboriginal Peoples Television Network and Gary Farmer (Six Nations Reserve) former advisory group member/ APTN.

Friday, September 22 - Music Maker: Pima Express

The music known as “Chicken Scratch” is music from indigenous peoples of southern Arizona and Mexico blended with Polka music. It’s upbeat and fast paced. The members of Pima Express grew up dancing to this unique blend of music. In 1980 they started making their own music. Though they have strong roots in “Chicken Scratch” music, they are also influenced by rock groups like the Beatles. The newest release from Pima Express is “Time Waits for No One.” What makes this music so timeless and likeable? Join our conversation with Lloyd Brown, a Pima from the Gila River Indian Community and the lead singer of the group Pima Express.

Monday, September 25 - Native Sky Walkers:

Native craftsmanship is in the foundation and structure of some of the greatest buildings and bridges in the U.S. and Canada. The history of Native ironworkers dates back to the 1800’s and their legacy lives on today as new buildings are erected. They have built a reputation for being fearless during construction when it comes to walking on beams dozens of stories high in the sky. What does it take to master this type of skill? How does culture impact their career? Guests are James Stanley (Lake Superior Band of Ojibwe) Ironworker Instructor and Counselor/ National Ironworkers Training Program for American Indians and Lindsay Leborgne (Kahnawke Mohawk) Iron Worker/ New York City Local 40 and Gloria Cournoyer (Yankton Sioux) Iron Worker.

Tuesday, September 26 - The State of Indian Health Care:

This month marks the 30th Anniversary of the Indian Health Care Improvement Act. Public Law 94-437 provided tribes with an additional means of taking on the direct management of their own health programs. Today more than half of the Indian Health Service budget is contracted directly by tribes. The IHCI Act also complemented the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975. That was seen as a turning point for tribal sovereignty. The IHCI Act expired in September 2000, yet it continues to be supported by the Congress each year in the appropriations process. How does this law continue to impact tribes today? What guarantees are there for Indian health care in the future? Guests are Jody Calica (Warm Springs) Secretary-Treasurer/ Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs and Michael Mahsetky (Comanche) Director of Legislation/ Indian Health Service.

Wednesday, September 27 - Book of the Month: A Taste of Heritage: Crow Indian Recipes and Herbal Medicines

For thousands of years Native people made traditional medicines from plants and trees. Drawing on this knowledge, Crow elder Alma Hogan Snell has compiled a guidebook to the traditional lore, culinary uses and healing properties of Native foods. Her book A Taste of Heritage Crow Indian Recipes and Herbal Medicines presents the traditional Crow philosophy of healing and gives practical advice for finding and harvesting wild plants for both medicinal use and eating. Her recipes call for cattails, June berries, antelope meat and even buffalo hooves. Her book is our September Book of the Month selection.

Thursday, September 28 - Native Youth and Wall Street:

Each year 73 tribes pay out per capita payments to tribal members, that’s according to the First Nations Development Institute. This money comes from tribal assets, including Indian gaming. If members are younger than 18, their money is put aside for them until they turn 18 years old. Now First Nations is offering a guide to financial investing to help these young people so they understand how to make their money work for them. It covers topics like stocks, bonds, and government securities. Tribal leaders say the best way to help their young members is to protect them by providing financial education. Do you invest on Wall Street? How difficult is it to start investing? Guests are Mary Phillips (Omaha and Laguna Pueblo) Evaluation Officer/ First Nations Development Institute and Lucas Lopez (Standing Rock Sioux) Financial Officer/ Waddell and Reed Financial Services.

Friday, September 29 - The Evolution of Native Radio:

Native people have reached the masses through radio for many decades. They have depended on the airwaves to air their concerns about politics, life and culture. In some case it is the only place where Natives can hear news and music that reflects their own heritage. The days of being able to count on one hand the number of Native radio stations are long gone. How has Native radio evolved? How is technology helping make changes in Native radio? Guests are Burt Poley (Hopi & Laguna Pueblo) Network Manager/ Native Voice 1, Barbara Maria (Navajo) General Manager/ KTDB radio in Pine Hill, New Mexico and John Gregg (Hopi and Inupait Eskimo) Project Coordinator/ Native Radio Theater Project.

Monday, October 2 -
Classical Music, Native Composers:

Classical music has its roots in Europe with a history that dates back some 700 years. Names like Mozart, Schubert, and Vivaldi are some of the composers who made this music popular. In the last few decades Native American and Aboriginal composers have been classically trained and are putting their own mark on the music. People from the Quapaw, Mohican and Odawa Nations are creating classical music with a Native flair. Now a concert series at the National Museum of the American Indian will feature their compositions in concerts. How do these composers blend both Native instruments and sounds with music from Europe? Guests are Jerod Tate (Chickasaw) Composer, Dawn Avery (Mohawk) Composer and Raven Chacon (Navajo) Composer.


Fall is here and so are a variety of events in Indian Country. On the east coast there is a Native American Finance Conference and on the west coast you can participate in a three-day Indigenous Peoples Celebration. In Oklahoma there’s a class in powwow singing! This month also features a Native American film festival and a call for scripts from Native playwrights. What’s going on in your part of Indian Country?

Wednesday, October 4 - Curbing Violence Against Native Women:

October is the “Take a Stand” for domestic violence awareness month. According to the National Congress of American Indians Task Force on Violence Against Women, Native women in general experience per capita rates of violence that are much higher than those of the general population. One out of three American Indian or Alaska Native women are raped in their lifetime, compared with about one out of five women in the overall population. What’s being done in Indian Country to curb violence against Native women? What objectives were set at a recent meeting with the Department of Justice? Guests are Nona Long Knife (Assinoboine) survivor of domestic violence, Juana Majel-Dixon (Pomo Band of Mission Indians) Chair/ National Congress of American Indians Task Force on Violence Against Women.

Thursday, October 5 - Screening for Depression:

Depression is a condition that is felt by Natives young and old. It affects each person differently. When feelings of irritability and sadness seem to last longer or begin to interfere with your daily life, you may be exhibiting signs of depression. Other symptoms include fatigue, feelings of emptiness, and major changes in sleep and appetite patterns. Screening for depression may be one way to get back in control and feel whole once again. Has depression touched your family or tribe? What are ways to manage and treat depression? Guests include Dr. Cornelia Wieman (First Nation Anishnawbe) Co-Director/ Indigenous Health Research Development Program, Aaron Morsette (Chippewa Cree) Trauma Intervention Specialist/ University of Montana Division of Education Research and Service.

Friday, October 6 - Improving Rural Native Communities:

When it comes to building rural Native communities there are federal programs that can help. The United States Department of Agriculture has a Rural Development program and a coordinator in each state to help both federally and state recognized tribes. Through this program they have invested more than $1 billion to help tribes since 2001. Housing programs, business programs and utility programs have all benefited from the division of USDA. What other tribal programs can benefit and help improve rural Native communities under this program? Our guests are Thomas C. Dorr, Under Secretary/ USDA Rural Development and Tom Strong (Skokomish) Deputy Tribal Manager/ Skokomish Indian Tribe.

Monday, October 9 - Changes in the WIC Program:
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) is looking to a healthier tomorrow. The United States Department of Agriculture released a proposal late this summer to update the food packages making them more consistent with the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans as well as the guidelines recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Since changes to the program have been minimal since the 1970’s, the proposed change means better nutrition for WIC recipients. What can the proposed changes mean for your tribal recipients? Can the changes make a difference in the fight against diabetes and obesity? Guests are Jacque Jones (Osage) Breastfeeding and Peer Counselor/Osage WIC Program; Doris McGuier, Nutrition Co-ordinator/ Navajo Nation WIC Nutrition Program and Dede Lavezzo, Registered Dietician/ Colville Confederated Tribes.

Tuesday, October 10 - Vote 2006!
With the war in Iraq still raging, the continuing fall out of the Jack Abramoff scandal involving several tribes, as well as the more recent scandal surrounding Mark Foley and Republican leaders, the stakes have been raised in this mid-term election year. How are tribal leaders informing members of this important election? What other factors will play into how Native people will vote at the polls in one month? Guests are Natalie Landreth (Chickasaw) Staff Attorney/ Native American Rights Fund, Teresa McCoy (Eastern Cherokee) former Tribal Council Woman/ Eastern Band of the Cherokee Indians and Milton Bluehouse (Navajo) Executive Director/ Sage Council.

Wednesday, October 11 - NCAI: Connecting Community and Culture:
The 63rd Annual Convention of the National Congress of American Indians wrapped up last Friday. Tribal and federal government officials, as well as tribal members attended the meeting to discuss policy, politics, and the future of Native nations. Under the theme “Building Self Sufficient Nations: Connecting Community and Culture,” NCAI highlighted the need to improve services in tribal communities while preserving the culture that defines them. What are the highlights from this year’s convention? How can decisions made at this convention impact the future of Native nations? Guests are Patricia Carter (Nez Perce
) NCAI Youth Ambassador, Jacqueline Johnson (Tlingit and Haida) Executive Director/ NCAI and Jefferson Keel (Chickasaw) First Vice President of NCAI.

Thursday, October 12 - Music Maker: Shelley Morningsong:
Silver Ware Records has just released the CD “Out of the Ashes” by Shelley Morningsong. She is a Northern Cheyenne woman who has been performing on stage and screen since she was a young girl. Shelley has worked alongside artists such as Robert Mirabal, Juice Newton and Charlie Daniels. She writes her own music and lyrics with influences from her Native heritage. Her pop music uses both electrical guitar and traditional drums. Shelley Morningsong is our October Music Maker.

Friday, October 13 - Sweat Lodge Practices and Protocols:
Sweat Lodge Ceremonies are a traditional practice for many western tribes. And there are different types of sweats, such as ceremonial and what are referred to as “young men’s sweats,” in addition to others. Some are more restrictive than others. Protocols differ from tribe to tribe and even from clan to clan. What are the parameters for a traditional sweat lodge ceremony in your tribe? What is the purpose of the sweat lodge and ceremony? Do you have to “earn” the right to build a sweat lodge and conduct sweats? What about people who charge a fee for allowing someone to participate? What do you feel about non-Native people participating in or practicing the sweat? Share what you feel is appropriate from your traditional knowledge about sweat lodge ceremonies on this special cultural show. Guests are Robert John (Seneca and Toubotobal) assists Natives with traditional practices, Blaine "Woody" Wood (Oklahoma Cherokee) National Trainer/ White Bison Incorporated Wellbriety Program and Karen Waconda-Lewis (Isleta and Laguna Pueblo) Program Coordinator for Traditional Health and Complimentary Medicine / First Nations Community Health Source.

Monday, October 16 - Native Quilting:
Stitching the fabric of many generations are Native quilters. The artistic display of Native designs can be found in many tribes in the U.S. and Canada. The blueprint of what will be stitched into the quilt is often formed by traditional symbols and nature. From center designs to intricate borders, Native quilts use color and pattern to express culture and in some cases tell a story. Where does Native quilting originate? How have tribes adopted the craft into their traditional practices? Guests are Florence Drappeau (Yankton Sioux) Native Quilter and John Serrao (Native Hawaiin) Hawaiian Quilt Designer and Eileen Randolph (Hopi) Native Quilter.

Tuesday, October 17 - Treating Halitosis:
Take out some dental floss and run it between your teeth. Get the floss down to the base of your gums. Floss real well. Then put the floss up to your nose and sniff. If there is unpleasant odor present, then imagine this: that odor is exactly what other people encounter when they talk with you in person. Think you’re immune from halitosis? Experts say most of us can have unpleasant breath even if we brush and floss regularly. Halitosis can also be affected by what you eat and when you brush your teeth. If you are not bothered by bad breath, you will at least want to consider your dental health. Decaying food particles in your mouth can lead to cavities, gum disease and even tooth loss. Are you offended by bad breath? Do you know someone who could really benefit from an effective treatment for halitosis? Join us as we discuss “Treating Halitosis.” Guests are Judith Nelson (Eastern Band of Cherokee) Indian Health Service Dental Disease Prevention Officer/ Southeast Alaska Regional Health Consortium, and Phyllis D. Light (Cherokee and Creek) Director of Herbal Studies/ Clayton College

Wednesday, October 18 - Native in the Spotlight: Robert Holden:
Robert Holden was born in a small Choctaw community in Eastern Oklahoma. He was mentored through school and encouraged to do well. That early advice has helped him serve Indian people for many years. Today he holds a policy position with the National Congress of American Indians in Washington, D.C. After Hurricane Katrina, he went to Louisiana and Mississippi to work with tribes to help get them back on their feet. He also coordinated the International Indigenous Cross Border Security Sumit with First Nations in Canada. In his position, he must work with politicans to gain their support on Native issues. Robert Holden (Choctaw and Chickasaw) NCAI Director of Emergency Management and Radioactive Waste Programs, is our "Native In the Spotlight" for October.

Thursday, October 19 - Native Youth in Science and Engineering:
Science fairs are one way to spark interest in the fields of science and engineering among young Natives. Today science fairs are held across the country each year. It is a chance to bring future innovators to the forefront with their science experiments and engineering projects. These events have also broadened to international levels where young Natives have stepped into the arena to showcase their knowledge of science and technology to the world. Can a science or engineering project for school take your student to international competition? What types of projects are bringing the spotlight to young Native innovators? Guests are Dr. Robert Whitman (Navajo) Senior Lecturer/ University of Denver Department of Engineering, Austin Allard (Turtle Mountain Chippewa) Freshman/ North Dakota State University, Aurelia DeNasha (Ojibwe) Junior/ Fond du Lac High School and Russ Fisher-Ives, President/ Inquiry Facilitators.

Friday, October 20 - ATV and Snow Machine Safety:
With the winter months just around the corner, public safety officials would like you to be prepared with knowledge to make your ATV and snow machine operation safe this year. In some Native communities these types of motorized vehicles are the only way to get around in rural terrain. Each year many accidents and fatalities are related to these types of transportation. What are the proper riding habits to make the use of these vehicles as safe as possible? Where can you go to get the best safety tips? Guests are Michael Kramer (Inupiaq) Head of Security/ Maniilaq Health Center and June Villegas, Spokesperson/ ATV Safety Institute.

Monday, October 23 - Spotlight on Native Education:
For some Native people, education is one way to help pave the way to a person’s highest potential. Those who work with Native education hope to enable Natives to contribute to their future and their own communities with the knowledge they obtain through education. The incorporation of Native language in education and policies that govern Native education are two areas that top the agendas of those working in Native education. What is the state of Native education in your community? What are the issues you would like to see being addressed when it comes to Native education? Guests are Greta Goto (Yupik) Director/ First Alaskans Institute and Ryan Wilson (Oglala Lakota) President/ National Indian Education Association.

Tuesday, October 24 - The Role of Youth and Elders in Native Issues:
Since 1984 the Native Youth and Elders conference has taken place in Anchorage, Alaska. These two separate generations have worked together to help create a better future for Alaska Natives. Like the National Congress of American Indians Youth Ambassador program, the Native Youth and Elders conference encourages the youth to get involved. Both programs recognize the need to groom the future leaders for Native people. What are the issues facing Native youth today? How can Native elders help find the solutions to these issues? Guests are Debra Naaqtuuq Duommek (Inupiak) Participant/ Youth and Elders Conference, Quintin Lopez (Tohono O’Odham) Youth Ambassador/ National Congress of American Indians and Iver Malutin (Sunac Tribe of Kodiak) Participant/ Youth and Elders Conference.

Wednesday, October 25 - Book of the Month: Blonde Indian, An Alaska Native Memoir
This is the first book by Alaska Native Ernestine Hayes. She is an Assistant Professor of English at the University of Alaska, Juneau. Her book traces her life from her childhood in a Tlingit community, to her adult life when she lived in Seattle and San Francisco before finally returning home. Neither fully Alaska Native nor European-American, Hayes encountered unique struggles that also faced other Tlingits even though they had never left their Native community. Her book, Blonde Indian is our October Book of the Month.

Thursday, October 26 - Overcoming Racism:
While many strides have been made in the effort to end all racism, much work still remains. The racist actions of business owners and residents of Anchorage, Alaska prompted the Alaska Federation of Natives to move its annual conference from that city to Fairbanks last year. The city of Anchorage moved quickly to repair relations with AFN, which included diversity training for city employees and business owners. This year AFN has returned to Anchorage. Similar efforts are being made in Montana where a string of racial attacks prompted Native groups to join forces with other groups to overcome racism in that state. Do you live in a racist community? What is being done to dismantle racism? Guests are Georgianna Lincoln (Athabascan) Chairwoman/ Doyon, Limited and Carolyn Lopez (Crow Nation) Advisor/ American Indian Student Services Rocky Mountain College.

Friday, October 27 - Native O & O Businesses:
People may start a business to make money and they also start businesses to help their community socially and environmentally. In Alaska there’s a special program patterned after the “Development Marketplace” which was started by the World Bank. “Alaska Marketplace” helps Alaska Natives turn their brilliant ideas into business ventures. For tribes in the lower 48, the Native American Business Alliance helps them create businesses and share their culture with the business community. What innovative businesses are owned and operated by Native people in your community? How can you turn your ideas into a strong business? Guests include Jacqueline Gant (Oneida Nation of the Thames) Executive Director/ Native American Business Alliance.

Monday, October 30 - The Story of Ira Hayes:
It's well documented that Ira Hayes, a Pima man from the Gila River Indian Community in Arizona, was one of the troops who raised the flag on Iwo Jima Island during World War II. Many books, movies and stories have been written about Ira Hayes yet they have not captured the true spirit of this man. But in the movie, "Flags of our Fathers," the general public will have a chance to see who Ira Hayes was and how his integrity helped correct history. What do you know about Ira Hayes? How have Native troops helped protect, shape and strengthen the United States? Guests are Sara Bernal (Pima) niece of Ira Hayes and Albert Joseph (Pima) Member/ Ira H. Hayes American Legion Post #84 in Sacaton, Arizona.

Tuesday, October 31 - A Conversation with Charlie Hill:
For more than 30 years Charlie Hill has entertained and enlightened people with his sense of humor. He has used humor to teach both Native and non-Native people and has helped clear up various misconceptions about Native people, including the myth of the "stoic Indian." He has dabbled in other forms of media including a radio comedy series "Club Red," and has been featured in a documentary "On and Off the Rez with Charlie Hill." He watches events happening across Native America, as well as the world and draws his own conclusions. What are the issues on Charlie Hill's mind? And how can he use humor to teach and heal? Our guest is Charlie Hill (Oneida) Comedian.

Wednesday, November 1 - Honoring Native Elders:
Traditionally, Native people have always held their elders in high esteem. Elders carry the wisdom of 10,000 years and have much to share with younger people. Each tribe has its own way of honoring these people for their various accomplishments. Yet, today some elders say they are not being as respected as previous generations have been respected. How can we keep the respect alive that Native elders deserve? How do you honor your elders? Guests are Kris Hohag (Bishop Paiute Tribe of California) Education, Environment and Community Instructor/ IslandWood Environmental Learning Center and Melida Danforth (Turtle Clan of the Oneida Nation) Councilwoman/ Oneida Nation of Wisconsin.

Thursday, November 2 - Planting the Seeds of Medicine:
Many Natives are encouraged to enter the medical field to become doctors and health leaders. Yet often times when Natives graduate with their medical degrees they stay in urban areas and don't come back to work in Native communities. Their return can mean that patients will be treated with the cultural sensitivity they may require. What's being done to bring Natives trained in the health fields back to Native communities? Guests are Dr. Lee Anna Muzquiz (Salish & Kootenai) Physician/ Ronan Tribal Health and Dr. Gerald Hill (Klamath Tribe of Oregon) Emergency Physician/ Health East in St. Paul, MN.

Friday, November 3 - Let the Drums Sing:
When the beat of the drum begins to sound, motion and rhythm are often the response in tribal communities. Some Native drums tie religion and culture to their peoples. Many times they are constructed out of wood and animal hides. Although simple in material, their range and ability is vast. As we honor this tool of culture during International Drum Month, what is the history of the drum in your Native community? How has the use and belief of the drum in tribes transcended through the years? How do Native drums unite Natives globally? Guests are Beckie Etukeok (Tlinqit/Inupiaq/Siberian Yupik/Filipino) Native Drum Maker and Kenneth Coriz (Santa Domingo Pueblo) Pow-Wow style singer and drummer.

Monday, November 6 - The Bush Plan to Reform Indian Trust Management:
The Bush administration is presenting its plan to the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs on how to settle issues with Indian Trust accounts. For decades the U.S. government has mismanaged both individual Indian trust accounts and tribal trust accounts. It’s been proven in court rulings stemming from a lawsuit filed by Elouise Cobell more than ten years ago. As that litigation continued congressional leaders had hoped to settle the case out of court. Senate Bill 1439 was presented by the leadership of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs. After asking for a delay in marking up that bill earlier this session, the White House is now releasing its proposal. What does it mean for individual trustees? How will it affect tribes? Guests are Elouise Cobell (Blackfeet) Lead Plaintiff/ Cobell vs. Kempthorne and Mike Marchand (Colville) Chairman/ Colville Confederated Tribes

Tuesday, November 7 - Current Events:
It’s November and some tribal communities have seen their first snow. For many people this month marks the beginning of the holiday shopping season. For others, it's the opening of deer hunting season. For those who might prefer to stay indoors, there are several PBS TV programs set to air this month. And don’t forget this month’s broadcast of the NAMMYs! There are also Native History and Cultural Tours set to take place-plus museum openings and art shows. There are also dozens of pow wows to honor Native American veterans and to celebrate Native American Heritage month. What’s happening in your Native community this month?

Wednesday, November 8 - Election Results:
It’s the day after the mid-term elections. Did the Native vote sway any key races? Which party is in power now and how will that affect federal programs aimed at Native people? Who will take over leadership of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs? What races did Native politicians win? We have complete coverage of the election results and what it means for Native peoples. Guests are Jacqueline Johnson (Tlingit) Executive Director/ National Congress of American Indians and Dr. Dan Wildcat (Muscogee Nation) Director of the Department of Indigenous and American Indian Studies/ Haskell Indian Nations.

Thursday, November 9 - Treating TMJ:
Temporomandibular Joint Disease, commonly referred to as TMJ, affects millions of people each year. It’s characterized by jaw and facial pain as well as limitations in jaw movement. Conditions that restrict joints, including arthritis, can also affect people with TMJ. People who suffer from this condition are often treated by dentists and oral surgeons. What types of treatment are available in your tribal community? What type of therapies work best for those who suffer from TMJ? Our guest is Dr. Paul Wood, Indian Health Service's Consultant in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery/ Lawton Indian Hospital.

Friday, November 10 - Two Generations of Native Veterans:
Veterans Day, formerly known as Armistice Day, is an important date in many Native households. When it comes to serving the United States, many Native Americans have answered the call. And some answered the call before they were recognized as U.S. Citizens. Whatever the service era, be it World War II, Korea, Vietnam or Afghanistan, Iraq or any time between, we honor our Native brothers and sisters on Veterans Day. Many tribes have established their own veteran’s memorials and cemeteries. Who are the veterans in your family? Guests are Virginia Sneed Dixon (Eastern Band of Cherokee) Army Nurse during World War II and Korea and Marty Antone (Oneida) served tours duty in Bosnia, Kososvo and Iraq.

Monday, November 13 - *PROGRAM CHANGE* The Congressional Power Shift and its Impact on Indian Trust Reform:
For the first time in more than a decade the Democratic party holds the majority in both the senate and the house. This congressional power shift could signal a major change in Indian Trust Reform. There are just a few weeks left in this remaining congressional session. How will the president’s proposal to settle trust reform play out? What are Indian leaders expecting from the new leadership on the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs? What’s the future of Senate Bill 1439? Is it back to square one when the new Congress returns next year? Guests are Keith Harper (Cherokee) Legal Counsel/ Cobell vs. Kempthorne and Harold Frazier (Cheyenne River Sioux) Chairman/ Cheyenne River Sioux.

Tuesday, November 14 - Meth Addicts Looting Native Graves:
Methamphetamine abuse continues to increase in Indian Country. And now the lethal drug is presenting another problem by non-Native users. They are dealing the drug on reservations and in at least one state they are even digging up artifacts from ancient Native graves to sell and get more money to make meth. In Oregon one newspaper reported that 100 Native cultural sites have been looted causing more than $1 million in archaeological damage and disturbing the resting places of Native ancestors. What’s being done to stop the looting? Guests are Karin Immergut, United States Attorney/ State of Oregon and Wilson Wewa (Northern Paiute) recognized as Spiritual Leader in Great Basin and Plateau Area.

Wednesday, November 15 - Native Hair-itage:
Look around at just about any pow wow or Native gathering and you most likely will see men and women with long flowing hair. It’s become just about the most popular hairstyle for Native people. Yet, historically Native people had many different types of hairstyles. They could indicate whether a woman was married or single. Some hairstyles signified whether a person held a position of power. What is the story behind your tribe’s Native hair-itage? Guests are Billy Two-Rivers (Kahnawake Mohawk) Advisor and Historian/ Kahnawake Mohawk Nation and Lynne Pinkham (Nez Perce)
Cultural Resource Program/ Nez Perce Tribe.

Thursday, November 16 - The Responsible Use of Tobacco:
Each year the “Great American Smokeout” is observed in the month of November. It’s aimed at getting people to stop smoking recreationally. For many Native people the use of tobacco was traditionally linked to ceremony and used only for religious purposes. But today many Native people also use tobacco for purely recreational purposes. What is the message of the “Great American Smokeout” to Native people today? Guests are Gerry RainingBird (Cree Nation) Director/ National Tribal Tobacco Prevention Network and Elise Redd (Southern Ute) Health Services Division/ Southern Ute Indian Tribe.

Friday, November 17 - Music Maker: Brad Clonch:
25-year-old Brad Clonch is a self-taught composer and performer. He began playing the piano at age 12 and later wrote many pieces that went on to win major awards. But it wasn’t until several years later that he decided to play an instrument that was native to his Choctaw culture. It led to his new release “Finding Windsong.” His music has been described as melding the best of both worlds, a musical bridge between his Choctaw heritage and his exploration of the contemporary. His music is thought-provoking and at the same time relaxing. Brad Clonch is our November Music Maker.

Monday, November 20 – Grassroots Tribal Tourism:
There’s a lot of money to be made in the travel and tourism industry and entrepreneurs in Indian Country have taken notice. Not only are Native Americans able to better tell their stories through Native history and culture tours, but they can also work and live on their own ancestral land. In addition, these Native tourism companies provide jobs to other Native people, and they are having a positive impact on their local economies. And soon, one tribal college is providing an upcoming seminar to help new entrepreneurs hit the ground running. Is anyone in your tribe taking advantage of this opportunity, and what are they offering tourists? Guests include Ramus Suina (Cochiti Pueblo) with the Institute of American Indian Arts Center for Lifelong Education and Ken Timberwolf (Haida & Athabascan) Owner/ Operator of Alaska Timberwolf Tours and Limos.

Tuesday, November 21 – Trophy Hunting:
When the fall season rolls around, many Native people carry on the tradition of hunting. Before modern times, the hunt was a way to prepare the family and the tribe with food to eat, as well as hides to utilize during the winter months. With modern amenities and the convenience of stores, the need for the hunt to provide for life has taken on a new role for some hunters. Some are in it purely for the sport, and in some cases, just for the rack as a trophy. How has trophy hunting changed the tradition of hunting for tribes? How are Native people reacting towards trophy hunting? How has this type of hunting influenced the economic growth of some tribes? Guests are Perry Mendenhall (Inuit) First Vice Chair/ Sitnasuak Native Corporation and Norman Jojola (Pueblo of Isleta) Natural Recources Manager/ Bureau of Indian Affairs Northern Pueblo Agency of New Mexico

Wednesday, November 22 – Native in the Spotlight:
87-year-old Marcella Le Beau has lived a meaningful life. She was an Army nurse during World War II. She was stationed in Wales, England, France and Belgium and was promoted to the rank of First Lieutenant before the end of the war. Le Beau later went on to be a founding member of the North American Indian Women’s Association, an organization in which she remains active. She retired from the Indian Health Service as Director of Nursing. Upon retirement, she served 31 years of government service. In June 2004, she was presented with the Legion of Honor by French President Jacques Chirac for her service in World War II. In September 2006, she was inducted into the South Dakota Hall of Fame. Join us as we talk with our Native in the Spotlight for November: Marcella Le Beau (Cheyenne River Lakota).

Thursday, November 23 – Thanks to Native Givers:
Instead of sitting around the dinner table giving thanks for the juicy turkey and tasty mashed potatoes, some Natives are giving thanks to other Natives who have given back to tribal people. Natives --as a tribe or as a philanthropy venture-- have taken a chunk of money they’ve earned or obtained, and are passing it on directly to Natives in need. Some have given back to tribal communities on and off tribal lands. Education, health and community development are some of the projects that are the result of Native givers. Why are Native funders finding it important to give back to Natives? How has their giving changed the lives of Native people? Guests include Barbara Poley (Hopi & Laguna) Executive Director/ The Hopi Foundation and Jo-Anne E. Stately (Minnesota Chippewa) Vice President of Development/ Indian Land Tenure Foundation.

Friday, November 24 – Storytelling Season:
With chilly weather nipping at us, what better way to warm up than with a blazing fire and a good story? The cold months, for many Natives, provide a time when stories are shared. For thousands of years tribes passed on stories of how things came to be. They also used storytelling to unite the generations and to help guide their families and community. So keeping in tradition, get ready to be taken away as Native storytellers share tribal thought and lessons through their tales. Has a Native story influenced the way you live? What are the tribal stories that you enjoy telling and listening to during the storytelling season? Guests are Emmett Sckeme Garcia (Tamaya & Jemez Pueblos) Storyteller, and Author of the children's book "Coyote and the Sky" and Gloria Miguel Member/ Spiderwomen Theater Group.

Monday, November 27 – Habitat for Humanity Homes for Natives:
Habitat for Humanity International has helped build more than 150,000 homes for those in need since the late 70’s. Among the thousands of homes built from scratch are the homes that were built by Natives for fellow tribal members. Many Natives have taken this opportunity to bring community members together, working side by side to put a roof over a family’s head. With the work of the organization and volunteers, more Natives are able to have a place to call home. What all is involved in bringing Habitat for Humanity homes to Native communities? What does it mean to have a home built by fellow Natives? Guests are Jerry Farlee (Cheyenne River Sioux) Executive Director/ Okiciyapi Tipi Habitat for Humanity and Maile Makalii (Native Hawaiian) Home Recipient/ Honolulu Habitat for Humanity.

Tuesday, November 28 – Adopted Out
While Native Americans make up about one-percent of the population of the United States, two-percent of the children in foster care waiting to be adopted are of Native American descent. Because of privacy issues surrounding these adoptions, many of these Native adoptees are never able to get in touch with their cultural heritage. Is it harder for these Native people to cope? What should be done to make it easier for these adoptees to get in touch with their cultural heritage? Guests are Mary Youngblood (Aleut & Florida Seminole) Grammy winning recording artist and Jason Lewis (Cherokee) Assistant Professor of Computation Arts/ Concordia University.

Wednesday, November 29 – Book of the Month
Many Native children are now growing up off the reservation. Some children started out with strong Native roots on the ancestral lands, and for whatever reason, be it job or education opportunities off the reservation, parents are relocating and taking their kids with them. That’s the basis for the book Kiki’s Journey, about a young girl born on a Pueblo who is now living in a big city, and who’s teacher is disappointed when the girl can’t answer questions about Indian Tribes different from her own. It’s a story about the “Red Path” that many of us have to walk in our daily lives. This time the story is from the perspective of an 8 year old. Guests include author Kristy Orona-Ramirez (Taos Pueblo & Tarahumara) and youth narrators Shoshanah Totzke (Isleta Pueblo/Navajo) and Orion Holmberg (Choctaw/Cherokee/Athabascan).

Thursday, November 30 – Tribal Trust
For more than 100 years, billions of dollars worth of Tribal assets have been poorly managed by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. While the BIA was charged with the oversight and management for all of the federally recognized Tribes, the BIA has not, for the most part, been held accountable for the mismanagement of Tribal funds and assets. That was then. Now, there are only about 30 days remaining for Tribes to file suit against the government. That is due in part to the Arthur Anderson reports compiled in the 1990s outlining the specific Tribes deemed to be owed money by the Federal government. These claims are different from the Cobell case, which involves Individual Indian Monies (IIM). Guests are Gay Kingman (Cheyenne River Sioux) Tribal Consultant/ Great Plains Tribal Chairman's Association and Attorney Mario Gonzalez who is part of the team of attorney's representing the Rosebud Sioux Tribe, the Lower Brule Tribe, the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe and the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe.

Friday, December 1 – Natives Fighting AIDS in Their Communities:
Every year since 1988, World AIDS Day has been observed around the world. This day is used to help increase awareness about HIV and AIDS. Those who are touched by AIDS and HIV currently run into the millions worldwide. Since its first official diagnosis in 1981, the AIDS epidemic has moved into almost every community, including the Native community. Some Natives have been fighting this epidemic since it first hit the Native community. Several of these individuals have seen and have worked to increase awareness for over 20 years. How has the fight against AIDS and HIV changed in your Native community over the years? What types of awareness are best reaching Native populations? Guests are Teresa "Tiny" Devlin (Athabascan) Program Coordinator/ Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium HIV Prevention Program and Martha Lena Antone (Tohono O'odham Nation) HIV Prevention Coordinator/ Tohono O'odham Nation

Monday, December 4 – Listener Suggestions:
New (old) Host Harlan McKosato, along with Associate Host/ Producer Merritt Youngdeer, Associate Producer Tara Gatewood and Chief Operations Officer Susan Braine open up the lines for your suggestions on upcoming NAC programs. If you are a longtime, devoted listener to NAC or new to the program, we will take your call and take note of a topic you’d like to hear in the near future. NAC strives to be an interactive program dedicated to you the listener and the issues that hit close to your heart. Tune in and welcome back Harlan, meet the staff up close and personal, and tell us a topic you have on your mind.

Tuesday, December 5 – Current Events:
It’s time again for our Current Events Broadcast! We have a Tribal Lands Climate Conference, a live performance for crystal meth awareness and prevention being put on by Canadian youth, and you won't want to miss hearing about the 3rd annual Christmas Extravaganza in British Columbia featuring some of the biggest names in First Nation’s entertainment, plus a fashion show followed by a live and silent auction. That’s in addition to lots and lots of social events to pique your interest. Where else can you find everything that’s going on in Indian Country in one place? Do you have an event that you would like to tell everyone in Indian Country about? If so, call in and tell everybody! You know the number—1-800-99NATIVE.

Wednesday, December 6 – Welcoming New Life In A Good Way:
Science suggests that a child can experience this world even before they are born. It is believed that they are able to hear sounds and they are also able to share the substances that a mother puts into her body. In many tribes, the unborn child is taken into consideration. Some encourage the mother to live a healthy life physically and spiritually as they prepare to bring the child into this world. Not only is the preparation considered by some tribes, so is the manner in which the child is greeted and welcomed in to their new life. What treasures of cultural knowledge about birthing does your tribe hold? Have you called upon traditional thought to welcome your child into this world? Can the way you welcome the child affect their entire life? Guests are Katsi Cook (Mohawk) Midwife/ Akwesasne Nation, New York and Marilyn Masayesva Hopi Women's Coalition.

Thursday, December 7 – Attack on Dutch Harbor
According to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, December 7, 1941 is “a date that will live in infamy.” The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor sparked the United States entry into World War II. Pearl Harbor is indeed infamous. But what do you know about the Japanese attacks on the Aleutian Island chain? In response to the Japanese aggression, 881 Aleuts were evacuated from Alaska’s Pribilof and Aleutian islands in a botched rescue mission intended to keep them out of harms way. While the US Military occupied their villages, they were moved 1,500 miles away to Southeast Alaska into five interment camps fashioned from abandoned canneries, fisheries, and gold mines. Left in an unfamiliar environment and deplorable living conditions, they suffered from neglect, malnutrition and disease. Why did this happen? How was your tribal community affected following the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Guests are Marla Williams, Writer, Producer and Director/ "Aleut Story" and Mary Bourdokofski (Aleut) Aleutian Islands Evacuee.

Friday, December 8 – Supporting the Troops Serving Overseas:
With hundreds of Native soldiers currently serving overseas, it is common for those at home to send them good thoughts. One group of New Mexico Natives recently had the opportunity to deliver their good energy in person to troops in Iraq. The Native Star Dance Team of New Mexico, calling upon their heritage, performed a dance exhibition to show their Native support for those who have taken on the call to duty. What did the experience bring to the troops, as well as the performers? What are other ways Natives are sending their appreciation to the troops overseas? Why is it important to bring the Native message of support to those currently serving in the armed forces? Guests are Nick Brokeshoulder (Hopi & Absentee Shawnee) Manager and MC/ Native Star Dance Team of New Mexico, Sharon Brokeshoulder (Dineh) Member/ Native Star Dance Team and Anthony Mason (Dineh) former Marine currently serving in the National Guard.

Monday, December 11 – Trail of Tears:
The Cherokee are infamous for their forced removal from their ancestral homelands in North Carolina, Georgia, and Tennessee to Indian Territory (Oklahoma). Federal and state troops led this 1,000-mile removal that came to be known as the Trail of Tears because of the suffering and tragedy endured by the Cherokee people. Many tribes have similar stories, such as the Long Walk of the Navajo. Recently, President Bush signed into law the Trail of Tears Study Act, which directs the National Park Service to finish research on routes used when American Indians were forced from their homelands. What is your tribe’s Trail of Tears story and why is it important for Native people to remember such events? Guests are Steve Heape (Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma) Producer/ “Trail of Tears: Cherokee Legacy” and Wes Studi (Oklahoma Cherokee) Actor.

Tuesday, December 12 – Music Maker: Robert Mirabal:
After taking some time off to be with his family, Robert Mirabal is back on the music scene. Robert's latest release, "Pueblo Christmas" comes just in time for the holiday season. Hear favorite holiday classics set to Native instruments with a certain flair only Mirabal can produce. In addition to your favorite holiday tunes, Robert also has a new song entitled "Green Chili Christmas" that is destined to become one of your new holiday favorites. Robert Mirabal of Taos Pueblo will be live in Studio 49 for our Music Maker edition!

Wednesday, December 13 – What is Faith?:
Faith can be described as complete trust or something that is believed with strong conviction, or a loyalty to God. It can also be called a system of religious beliefs. Religious freedom in America allows for a plethora of beliefs and faiths within this country. Even among Native Americans, many forms of faith are practiced. Is there a way to bridge the separation of church and state? Can faith help heal the racial, political, and other divisive lines in America, or has secularism taken control? What is your definition of faith?

Thursday, December 14 – The Ethics of Collecting DNA:
A project which includes the collection of American Indian and Alaska Native blood and DNA samples is stirring a debate. The Genographic Project initiated by the National Geographic Society plans to collect more than 100,000 samples from indigenous peoples worldwide. Despite opposition the project continues to move forward. Should the benefits of discovery and analysis of DNA samples outweigh the concerns for human rights advocates? How does a project like this contradict the traditions of indigenous peoples? Guests are Andrea Carmen (Yaqui) Executive Director/ International Indian Treaty Council and Dr. Simon Longstaff, Chair of the Advisory Board/ National Geographic Genographic Project.

Friday, December 15 – Apocalypto:
Mel Gibson’s new movie Apocalypto is in a theater near you. Viewers of the recently released film travel back into time to the Mayan Empire, where they find an ancient civilization on the verge of collapse. But reviews of the movie are mixed, and controversy is rising. Some claim the movie is a total fabrication and racist. Others see it as a spiritual experience with a prophetic (although sadistic) message. How does the story line compare to the true story of the Mayan people? What comment is the film making on the current U.S. military situation? Our guest is Raul Trujillo, who plays the character Zero Wolf.

Monday, December 18 – Urban Indian Movement:
The term Urban Indian emerged in the mid-20th Century during the relocation era when federal programs encouraged Native people to move from their rural reservations to the big cities. Today, Urban Indians outnumber those living on or near their ancestral homelands. There is a new movement among Urban Indians that is seeking to collaborate with tribal governments, rather than compete with them, to help all tribal members prosper. Can tribes and urban organizations work together without a turf war? Guests are Janeen Comenote (Quinault) Coordinator/ National Urban Indian Family Coalition, Joe Podlasek (Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Ojibway) Director/ American Indian Center of Chicago and Syd Beane (Santee Sioux Nation) Native American Team Leader/ Center for Community Change.

Tuesday, December 19 – Sanctity of Eagles:
Eagles hold a spiritual significance for many Native people. In particular, the feathers of eagles are meaningful and valuable. Tribes are now part of a nationwide plan to protect these raptors, and they have been taken off the Endangered Species List and placed on the Threatened Species List. Federal regulations are set up to ensure that only enrolled members of tribes can legally possess eagle feathers. Are these laws working for or against Native people? Why do many Native Americans hold the eagle in reverence? Guests are Vic Roubidoux (Iowa Tribe in Oklahoma) Manager/ Iowa Tribe’s Eagle Aviary, DaShanne Stokes (Lakota) Director/ Religious Freedom with Raptors and Manfred Guina (Eastern Shoshone) Cultural Coordinator/ Shoshone Tribal Cultural Center.

Wednesday, December 20 – Christmas Per Caps:
‘Tis the season to be jolly, especially if your tribe is handing out per capita checks this Christmas season. A new trend in Indian Country is for tribes to distribute a share of casino profits to their members, much like corporate shareholders, for the holidays. Although this eases the financial pressure of Christmas, it also has created some subplots like disenrollment of tribal members and DNA testing of newborns. It has also brought into question a moral issue of accepting gambling money. Are tribal per capita payments good or bad? Guests are Kevin Gover (Pawnee & Comanche) Professor of Law/ Arizona State Unoversity, Juli Smith (Lac du Flambeau) Director/ Lac du Flambeau Tribal Family Services and Sarah Dewees, Director of Research/ First Nations Development Institute.

Thursday, December 21 – Commodity Christmas:
Being able to innovate when the resources are low is a skill that has sustained many Native families. The ability to make a can of meat transform into a feast; the cleverness to make a three-quarters empty sack of flour feed a huge family; and the ingenuity to make a bag of clothes pins turn into the coolest toys are ways creative Natives have brought smiles to the holidays when the funds are low. What are some ways to keep the spirits up when the funds are down during the Christmas season? Can family, tradition and faith stuff the stockings fuller than anything that can be bought from a store? Guests include Doreen Yellow Bird (Sahnish-Arikara & Lakota/Dakota) Community Journalist and Columnist/ Grand Forks Herald.

Friday, December 22 – Native in the Spotlight: Ryan Wilson
Ryan Wilson has been fighting for the preservation of Native languages for some time now. And just last week, President Bush signed into law a bill that is intended to help tribes preserve their languages. The Esther Martinez Native American Languages Preservation Act will provide new funding for tribal heritage and cultural programs that focus on language. Is your Native language dying and does it matter to you? Are you going to do your part to save your Native language? Ryan Wilson, (Oglala Lakota) President of the National Alliance to Save Native Languages, is our Native in the Spotlight for December.

Monday, December 25 – MELE KALIKIMAKA:
Forget about the winter chill. Put down the snow shovel. Take off your mittens and scarf. Picture yourself in a tropical paradise strolling on the beach as you listen to the sound of Christmas Hawaiian style. As you visit with family and friends lend an ear as we feature Halelu, a new CD with Christmas Carols set to Native Hawaiian language and sounds. As they say in Hawaii, "Mele Kalikimaka" or Merry Christmas! Guests are performing artist and musician Cody Pueo Pata (Native Hawaiian/Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians), two members of the musical duo Ahum anu Joni de Mello (Native Hawaiian) and Liz "Kopa'a Tita" Morales (Native Hawaiian).

Tuesday, December 26 – DESERT ROCK POWER PLANT:
Navajos occupying the Desert Rock Project site say they are being harassed by law enforcement officials who are trying to remove them. Navajo Nation President Joe Shirley is in favor of the proposed power plant near Shiprock, New Mexico, because of the potential opportunities it will bring – employment and an economic boost for the area. But residents are worried that the project will bring pollution, sickness, and harmful material to their people. Will the project get off the ground? Guests are Steve Begay (Navajo) of Dine’ Power Authority and Dailan Jake Long (Navajo) Spokesperson for the Dooda Desert Rock Committee.

The new book Native America, Discovered and Conquered by Robert J. Miller is receiving great praise in academic circles. Gerald Torres of the University of Texas Law School says, "Professor Miller's treatment of the doctrine of discovery shows us that we still have much to learn about how we came to legitimize our jurisdiction over this continent. He illustrates the dense interlacing of law, ideology, and politics at work in the making of the 'New World.' Everyone who is interested in Indian law and the West will have to read this book." Join our conversation with author Robert J. Miller (Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma) Professor/ Lewis & Clark Law School.

Thursday, December 28 – 110th CONGRESS:
Now that the Democrats have wrestled control of Congress away from the Republicans, how will this effect Indian Country? Will we see a dramatic change in the way Indian affairs are handled? Will the Indian Health Care Improvement Act finally be passed? Will Indian account holders receive a fair settlement in the Cobell v. Kempthorne case? Will Indian gaming issues receive unbiased treatment? What should Indian Country expect? Our guest is Congressman Tom Cole (R-Oklahoma) of the Chickasaw Nation, the only Native American tribal member serving in the 110th Congress.

Friday, December 29 – NEW YEAR’S GREETINGS:
As the New Year approaches, we open up the phone lines to let you give a shout out to someone dear to your heart, a long lost friend or relative, or to the people of your tribal community. Send a phone greeting of your choice and we’ll pick up the charge. Join us for New Year’s greetings on our live electronic talking circle.



Past Programs: 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005, 2004, 2003, 2002, 2001, 1995-2000

Music Maker Edition: 2008, 2007,2006, 2005, 2004, 2003

Book of the Month: 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005, 2004, 2003




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